Jesus’ “Passion” as Per the Old Testament

Posted on February 13, 2020

2


By David Ettinger

Pretty much straight-forward Scripture today without commentary. As believers will soon commemorate Jesus’ “Passion Week,” let’s take a look at how the Old Testament Scriptures describe Jesus’ suffering from the two major portions which address it: Psalm 22 and Isaiah 52:13-53:12, which focus primarily on Jesus’ crucifixion. The English word “passion” comes from the Latin root word pati-, and Greek pathéma, both of which mean “suffering” or “affliction.”

psalm 22

Psalm 22

* “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (v. 1)

* “Why are you so far from … from my cries of anguish?” (v. 1).

* “But I am a worm and not a man …” (v. 6).

* “… scorned by everyone, despised by the people” (v. 6).

* “All who see me mock me …” (v. 7).

* “… they hurl insults, shaking their heads” (v. 7).

* “Many bulls surround me; strong bulls of Bashan encircle me” (v. 12).

* “Roaring lions that tear their prey open their mouths wide against me” (v. 13).

* “I am poured out like water …” (v. 14).

* “… and all my bones are out of joint” (v. 14).

* “My heart has turned to wax …” (v. 14).

* “… it has melted within me” (v. 14).

* “My mouth is dried up like a potsherd …” (v. 15).

* “… and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth …” (v. 15).

* “… you lay me in the dust of death” (v. 15).

* “Dogs surround me, a pack of villains encircles me …” (v. 16).

* “… they pierce my hands and my feet” (v. 16).

* “All my bones are on display; people stare and gloat over me” (v. 17).

* “They divide my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment” (v. 18).

Isaiah 53


Isaiah 52-53

* “… there were many who were appalled at him …” (v. 52:14).

* “… his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any human being …” (52:14).

* “… and his form marred beyond human likeness” (52:14).

* “He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him …” (53:2).

* “… nothing in his appearance that we should desire him” (53:2).

* “He was despised and rejected by mankind …” (53:3).

* “… a man of suffering, and familiar with pain” (53:3).

* “… he was despised, and we held him in low esteem” (53:3).

* “Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering …” (54:4).

* “… yet we considered him punished by God, stricken by him, and afflicted.”

* “But he was pierced for our transgressions …” (53:5).

* “… he was crushed for our iniquities …” (53:5).

* “… the punishment that brought us peace was on him …” (53:5).

* “… and by his wounds we are healed” (53:5).

* “He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth …” (53:7).

* “… he was led like a lamb to the slaughter …” (53:7).

* “… and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth” (53:7).

* “By oppression and judgment he was taken away” (53:8).

* “For he was cut off from the land of the living …” (53:8).

* “He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death …” (53:9).

* “… though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth” (53:9).

* “Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer …” (53:10).

* “… he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors” (53:12).

“We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all. … For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors” (Isaiah 53:6, 12).