Revelation 19: Hallelujah! The Coming of Christ

Posted on March 7, 2021


By David Ettinger

What This Is
Back in the mid-to-late 1990s, I taught a Sunday school class verse by verse on the Book of Revelation. This series represents my notes for each class. (I have done some updating as some of my understandings have changed over the years.) I came across them recently and decided to post them. If you wish to use these notes as a study guide, the way to do it is as follows: Read the verse first in your Bible, then look at the corresponding notes here for commentary.

For some reason, I don’t have notes for Chapters 1-3, therefore this series begins with Chapters 4-5. Following the Chapter 4-5 study notes, each chapter will be presented individually.

Read Chapter 4-5 notes here.
Read Chapter 6 notes here.

Read Chapter 7 notes here.
Read Chapter 8 notes here.
Read Chapter 9 notes here.
Read Chapter 10 notes here.
Read Chapter 11 notes here.
Read Chapter 12 notes here.
Read Chapter 13 notes here.
Read Chapter 14 notes here.
Read Chapter 15 notes here.
Read Chapter 16 notes here.
Read Chapter 17 notes here.
Read Chapter 18 notes here.

* This chapter deals with the Second Coming of Christ.

* It is also the final battle and the end of evil.

* The Second Coming is presented in verses 11-21.

Verse 1
* The “great multitude” mentioned here is exactly the same Greek wording as in 7:9.

* Therefore, it is safe to assume this is the raptured Church which came out of the Great Tribulation.

* The “Hallelujah” is the first of 4 Hallelujahs in the New Testament, all in this book, and in this chapter only.

* “Hallelujah” means “Praise the Lord!”

* It is time for rejoicing and praising God for the great victory that is about to occur with the Second Coming.

* The multitude attributes 3 characteristics to God:

1) Salvation: Deliverance from evil.

2) Glory: God’s moral character in His judgment of sin.

3) Power: Revealed in the outpouring of His wrath.

Verse 2
* God is the true Judge, all His ways are true and just.

* He has rightly judged and condemned Satan’s evil and religious political system that throughout the ages has turned the world away from God.

* Also, God does not let His servants die in vain; their blood is avenged.

Verse 3
* Again, the great multitude cannot contain its joy.

* “The Smoke”: Symbolic of punishment. The torment of those who fought against God will on throughout eternity.

Verse 4
* The 24 elders were introduced in 4:4. They could represent any of the following:

1) The 12 tribes and 12 Apostles: The Redeemed.

2) 24 courses of priests: Israel.

3) Angelic beings: High-ranking angels in God’s hierarchy.

* The 4 living creatures were introduced in 4:6. Again, these creatures are of a higher angelic order.

* They, too, break out in worship and praise.

Verse 5
* The voice from the throne could be that of a mighty angel standing at God’s side.

* His command is for all who love God to praise Him, not just the heavenly host.

Verse 6
* “Great multitude”: Because of the thunderous description of this group, it probably the entire Church of Christ.

* If so, their praising God would be in response to the angel’s command in verse 5.

* They, too, break out into praise, their primary motivation being that “Our Lord God Almighty reigns.”


Verse 7
* It is a time for rejoicing and gladness. Evil is about to be driven from the face of the earth.

* It is also a time for giving glory.

The Wedding
* This announcement must be viewed with the background of marriage ceremonies and customs of that day (A.D. 95).

* 1) A marriage contract was entered into by the parents of the bride and bridegroom, with the parents of the bridegroom paying a dowry to the parents of the bride. This was the legal marriage.

2) About a year later, the bridegroom and his male friends would go to the house of the bride at midnight with a torch and parade in the streets. Knowing this, the bride and her maidens would be ready to join the procession as it headed back to the bridegroom’s house.

3) Next would come the marriage supper, which might go on for days.

* In this verse, Part 3 is announced and it is implied that the first 2 steps have already occurred.

* Part 1, the legal phase, is consummated on Earth when individual believers put their faith in Christ. This is the betrothal.

* Part 2 is the rapture of the Church when Christ comes to claim His bride and takes her to His Father’s house.

* Part 3, the marriage supper, is the uniting of the entire Church with Christ.

* NOTE: A literal feast is not in view here, but the complete unity of Christ with the Church.

Verse 8
* The bride has been prepared and is “fit” for her Bridegroom, Christ.

* Psalm 132:9: “Clothed with righteousness.”

* Ephesians 5:25-27 talks about the preparation of the Church as bride.

Verse 9
* “Blessing” means life, and the goodness of God upon that life. Those who are “invited to the feast” will indeed receive the most glorious blessing that can be given: Eternity with Christ.

Verse 10
* John is so overwhelmed that he worships the angel delivering the message.

* He is rebuked, however, as only God is to be worshiped.

* All prophecy comes through God and not the speaker (2 Peter 1:20-21).


Verse 11
* “Heaven standing open”: It is like the curtains of a stage play being pulled apart to reveal the action.

* Christ is seen physically leaving Heaven and coming to Earth.

* The white horse symbolizes victory.

* It was customary for Roman generals after a conquest to parade on white horses with their prisoners following.

* Unlike world leaders who go to war, Jesus does so with “justice.”

Verse 12
* This description of Christ is in sharp contrast to His first coming in a Bethlehem stable.

* He now comes as the conquering King.

* His eyes like blazing fire speak of His glory, omniscience, and omnipotence.

* The “many crowns” show complete and total rulership over all creation.

* The name is not revealed.

Verse 13
* His robe of white is dipped in blood, signifying that He comes on the basis of His sacrifice for sin and His victory over death.

* “Word of God”: He, like the written Word, expresses who God is and illustrates the attributes of God (John 1:1).

Verse 14
* That the armies of Heaven are riding on white horses indicates that they, too, are victorious.

* Their linen being white and clean signifies purity.

Verse 15
* The Greek word for “sword” indicates a long and large sword known as a Thracian sword. This sword is capable of inflicting great punishment on its victims.

* Psalm 2 is a prophetic psalm that has its fulfillment when Jesus returns. He will rule as an absolute monarch.

* The “winepress”: See 14:18-19.

Verse 16
* The name He wears, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS,” represents who He is.

* The entire scene of His coming is one of overwhelming power and majesty.

* Other passages of Christ’s Second Coming: Zechariah 13:24 and Matthew 24:27-31.

Verse 17
* That the angel speaks in a loud voice indicates that something important is about to happen (6:10; 7:2, 10; 10:3; 14:15; 18:2).

* There will be a great massacre of the armies of Satan and the birds are invited to have their fill (Ezekiel 39:17-20; Matthew 24:28).

Verse 18
* All the “great” people of Earth will be reduced to nothing more than food for birds.

* God is no respecter of persons, and unbelievers who are great in the sight of the world are no better than others who are obscure.

Verse 19
* The Antichrist and his generals gather at Armageddon (16:16).

* They are there specifically to fight against Jesus.

Verse 20
* There is no real battle. The “conflict” is instantly won by Jesus.

* The beast (out of the sea) – the Antichrist – is immediately captured, as is the false prophet (the beast out of the land).

* It was the false prophet’s false miraculous signs that deceived those who took the mark of the beast into worshiping the beast.

* A distinction needs to be made between the lake of fire and Hades, or Hell. The unsaved who die before the Second Coming of Christ got to Hell (Luke 16:23). The lake of fire is the final destination of eternal judgment (Revelation 20:14-15).

Verse 21
* Jesus Himself fights and wins the “battle.”